Hair Transplant4

Hair Transplant

A hair transplant is a surgical procedure that moves hair follicles from back or sides of the scalp (donor site) to the bald or thinning area (recipient site), which is usually the front, top, or crown of the scalp. Hair transplants can be an effective technique for permanent hair replacement and are among the most dependable hair loss solutions.


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Hair Transplant Techniques

  • Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) is a highly-advanced technique of hair transplantation for people who have large bald areas on their head. This procedure involves removing a strip of hair from the donor site where hair fall is less and hair growth is still thick. Thousands of follicular unit grafts of the strip are transplanted in a single session. The hair growth from these grafts follows a very natural growth pattern.
  • Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is a hair transplant technique in which the individual follicular units of hair are extracted from the donor site of the head. Each unit contains one to four hairs. This is an ideal technique for patients who like to wear their hair short and also those who have a tight scalp or have previously undergone the strip or FUT method but with little or no success.

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Hair Transplant Procedure Steps

To begin a hair transplant procedure, the surgeon uses a small needle to numb the scalp with the use of local anesthetics.

In follicular unit transplantation (FUT):

First, a strip of scalp skin is removed from the back or sides of the head using a scalpel. The incision is typically several inches long. Next, the surgeon closes the scalp from where the strip of hair tissue was removed using tiny stitches. The scar can be covered by your remaining hair. The surgeon then separates the removed portion of scalp into individual follicular units (tiny grafts with a few hairs) and finally inserts the follicular graft units into the tiny holes made in the bald or thinning area carefully.


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In follicular unit extraction (FUE):

After shaving your head thoroughly, the surgeon extracts hair follicles directly from the back of the head through hundreds of tiny punch incisions using a tweezer-like instrument. Then, he inserts the follicular units into the tiny holes made with a blade or needle in the area of your scalp, where hair loss has occurred. In this method, there is no need for a long incision in the donor area, as in the FUT procedure.

After the procedure, the surgeon applies a disinfecting solution to your scalp and places gauze or bandages to cover it for few days.

Recovery and Expectations

How you feel after surgery depends on the complexity and extent of the procedure. Strip harvesting surgery involves an incision, therefore recovery from FUT procedure may take longer than FUE. During the recovery period, pain from the incision can be another result of strip harvesting surgery, which can be managed with medication. Any stitches will be removed in a week to 10 days. The transplanted hair will fall out within 2 to 3 weeks after surgery, as the hair goes into the resting phase initially, and in several months, the hair will start its growing phase again. The final results can be seen after 12-18 months.

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Who is a Good Candidate for a Hair Transplant?

Good candidates for a hair transplant include:

  • Men with male pattern baldness and enough donor sites
  • Women with thinning hair
  • Anyone who has lost some hair from a burn or scalp injury

Generally, candidates should have realistic expectations about the possible results of treatment, be in relatively good health, and not smoke cigarettes.



Pre-operative Instructions

  • Refrain from eating and drinking at least 12 hours prior to the procedure.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications and aspirin must be avoided for at least 2 weeks prior to surgery.
  • Do not take any B or E vitamins for one week before your procedure.
  • Smoking should be stopped at least 3-4 weeks prior to surgery.
  • Drinking alcohol must be ceased a day or two before surgery.
  • Prepare to have someone drive home since most procedures are outpatient.

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Post-operative Instructions

  • You will be provided with set of medications which includes antibiotics, pain killers, anti-inflammatory, etc.
  • Do not drink alcohol while you are on antibiotics.
  • Sleep in an elevated position for 72 hours after the procedure to help reduce swelling.
  • It is better to avoid vigorous exercise and contact sports for at least three weeks, because strenuous activity may cause your transplants or incisions to bleed.
  • You may gently wash your hair within a couple of days following surgery.
  • Avoid touching, scratching, and rubbing the area where the hair follicles have been transplanted.
  • You should contact your doctor if you experience severe pain not relieved by medications, any unexpected symptoms, such as burning sensation or unusual swelling and high fever.
  • Avoid sun exposure after undergoing hair transplant surgery.

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Risks and Complications

Risks and potential complications of surgery in general include:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Scarring
  • Unnatural-looking tufts of new hair growth
  • Follicle grafts will not “take.”

If you plan to have a hair transplant, you should be in good general health. This is because surgery is less likely to be safe and successful if your health is poor. Also, it is important to say that sometimes the transplanted hair will not look as good as you had desired. So you should discuss the options and risks with your doctor before undergoing this procedure.


Questions and Answers about Hair Transplant

What is the Success of Hair Transplantation?

For a hair transplant to be successful, the hair follicles should be vascularized rapidly, that is they should adhere in the area where the follicles are placed. If done by a right method, the success rate of hair transplantation is high. For a natural look, the hair should be transplanted to the hair loss areas with a correct angle, correct distance, and correct density.

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How Long does a Hair Transplant Procedure Take?

Depending on the amount of the hair loss, the procedure is completed within three or four hours. If the hairless area is too large, multiple sessions at various intervals may be required to complete the treatment. In general, the intervention is carried out with sedation under local anaesthesia.

Does the Hair Transplant Procedure Hurt?

With the use of local anesthesia and intravenous sedation, discomfort during the hair transplant procedure is eliminated.

Will I be able to Swim and Enjoy Other Physical Activities with my new hair?

You should not swim for 14 days following procedure, especially in swimming pools as the chlorine content can vary. You will be able to swim and participate in any of the activities you enjoy after two or three weeks. Your new hair is permanent and may be washed, dyed and cut.

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Is Hair Transplant a Permanent solution?

Hair transplant has permanent results because the hair follicles that are transplanted from the back and sides of your scalp are genetically built to resist baldness.

Will I Continue to Lose my Natural Hair after a Hair Transplant?

While the transplanted hair will be permanent, there is some risk that a patient will continue to lose their natural hair. This is one of the reasons why most surgeons decline to operate on men under the age of 25. Men who start losing their hair in early 20s tend to have quite aggressive hair loss and it’s not a good idea to have a hair transplant until the pattern of hair loss is established.


Will I need more than one Hair Transplant?

A single hair transplant is sufficient for most patients unless they have advanced pattern baldness. If you are heavily bald, hair transplant may not be an effective option because there will not be enough donor hair to cover up the bald spots.


How Much Time do I need to Take Off Work?

FUE is less invasive compared to FUT, but no matter which option you choose, taking about one week off from work is recommend. Though this may not be necessary in every case, many of patients find that this time is beneficial during the early healing process.

Breast Augmentation

Breast augmentation, commonly known as boob job, is a surgical procedure that aims at enhancing the size, shape, or fullness of the breast by placing silicone or saline implants under the chest muscles or breast tissue. It may also involve fat transfer , but this option is less common.

Why Opt for Breast Augmentation Surgery?

Breast augmentation can:

  • Increase fullness and projection of your breasts
  • Restore breast size and shape after pregnancy, weight loss or breastfeeding
  • Restore symmetry when the breasts are asymmetrical
  • Enhance your self-image and self-confidence


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Who is a Good Candidate for Breast Augmentation?

You may be a candidate for breast augmentation if:

  • You are in good general health
  • You are in good mental health
  • You are not pregnant or breastfeeding
  • You have fully developed breasts
  • Your breasts are asymmetrical
  • You are unhappy with your breast shape, size, and volume
  • You have realistic expectations for the procedure
  • You are non-smoker, and if you are a smoker, you should quit for at least four weeks before and after surgery

What Are Breast Implants?

A breast implant is a medical prosthesis that is placed inside the breast to enhance, reconstruct, or restore the physical form of the breast.

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There are two main types of breast implants:

Saline implants (sterile salt water): Saline implants are filled with sterile salt water. They are inserted empty, and then filled once they are in place. These implants have the consistency of water so they can be filled with different amounts of saline solution. This affects the feel, firmness, and shape of the breast.

If a saline implant leaks, the solution will be absorbed and expelled by the body naturally without health risks, but you will probably need surgery to remove the silicone shell. Saline implants are available to all women for breast augmentation over the age of 18 and to women of any age for breast reconstruction.

Silicone implants: silicone gel-filled implants consist of a silicone outer shell filled with a silicone gel with no known human allergies, sensitivities or reactions. In contrast to saline implant, silicone implant flows differently within its shell and can often create a more natural look and feel to the breast, like breast tissue.

If the silicone implant leaks, the gel may remain within the implant shell, or may escape into the breast implant pocket. A leaking implant filled with silicone gel will not collapse. If a silicone breast implant ruptures, your doctor will likely recommend surgical removal of the implant because it might eventually cause breast thickening, breast pain, or changes in the contour or shape of the breast. Silicone breast implants are available to women 22 years of age and older for breast augmentation and to women of any age for breast reconstruction.

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Preparing for Your Breast Augmentation Procedure

Before your surgery, it is important to follow your doctor’s instructions. This will increase the likelihood of having an uneventful procedure, a smooth recovery and achieving the best results.

Pre-Operative Instructions

  • For two weeks prior to surgery, do not take any medication that contains aspirin, as aspirin thins the blood and this can result in unnecessary blood loss during your procedure. Your doctor will provide you with a list of medications you should not take during this period.
  • Make sure you discuss with your doctor any herbal or alternative medicine products that you take and whether or not these are safe to take before and immediately after surgery.
  • Notify your doctor as soon as possible if you develop an illness, such as a cold, prior to surgery.
  • Stop smoking for two weeks before and two weeks after surgery. Smoking decreases blood flow to the skin and impair wound healing.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol for two days before and two days after your surgery, because it can interfere with the sedation you are given during surgery.
  • Schedule mammograms and routine dental procedures before your surgery. You will not be able to have these appointments for six months after surgery.
  • Do not shave for three days before your surgery.
  • Take a bath or shower the night before or the morning of surgery with an antibacterial soap.
  • Do not wear any nail polish, makeup or jewelry. Please remove all body piercings and sculptured nails may have to be clipped for monitoring purposes.
  • On the day of your procedure, do not apply deodorant, perfume, powder or lotion.
  • It is recommended that you take a comfortable clothing, preferably something you do not have to pull over your head.
  • Stop eating and drinking after midnight on the night before surgery.
  • Go to bed early and get plenty of sleep the night before surgery.
  • Make arrangements for someone drive you home after your procedure. This person will also be able to monitor you after your surgery and call your surgeon if any problems arise.
  • Be prepared for at least three days of very minimal activity after the procedure.
  • Fill your prescriptions prior to the day of surgery and begin your antibiotics the evening prior to surgery.

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Breast Augmentation Procedure

The surgery is normally performed under general anesthesia and requires one night stay in hospital, but sometimes, it can be done under local anesthesia. Your doctor will recommend the best choice for you.

There are four incision options in breast augmentation surgery, which include:

  • Transaxillary incision (in the armpit)
  • Periareolar incision (around the nipple)
  • Inframmammary incision (in the fold under the breast)
  • Transumblical incision (around the belly button approach)

Depending on the degree of enlargement, type of breast implant, your particular anatomy, and patient-surgeon preference, your surgeon will choose one of incision options. So you and your surgeon should discuss which incision option is appropriate for your desired outcome.

Types of breast implant placement:

  • A submuscular placement (under the pectoral muscle): in this type of placement, recovery may take longer and there may be more pain after surgery.
  • A submammary/ subglandular placement (directly behind the breast tissue and over the pectoral muscle): this placement requires the least complicated surgery and allows the shortened recovery time.

The method for inserting and positioning breast implants depends on the size of the implant, degree of enlargement desired, your anatomy, and your surgeon’s recommendations.

After inserting implants, the surgeon closes the incisions with layered sutures in the breast tissue and keeps the skin closed with sutures, skin adhesive or surgical tape.

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Post-Operative Instructions

  • Leave all dressings in place until the doctor removes them or instructs you to do so.
  • If you are given a soft bra, you should wear it day and night for the first two to three weeks. Your bra may be removed for washing.
  • If you have drains, you will record the drainage and give the totals to the doctor or nurse. When the drainage is 30 ml or less for two days in a row, inform your doctor to have your drains removed.
  • You may shower 48 hours after your surgery. If you have a drain, make sure the water resistant drain dressing is firmly in place. You will be instructed how to change this dressing if it gets wet or falls off.
  • Take pain medication prescribed post-operatively as directed to relieve pain. This medication should be gradually tapered.
  • Do not bathe, use hot tubs, swim, or use lotions or creams on the breast for 2 weeks after surgery or until your incisions are completely healed. If your incision is in your armpit, please do not use a razor after surgery as the area may have decreased sensation and you could hurt yourself.
  • Do not sleep on your stomach or side until your doctor gives you permission. You should sleep on your back for about one to three weeks after your procedure.
  • Avoid sexual activity for at least the first week after surgery.
  • Do not engage in strenuous activity for at least four weeks.
  • Avoid heavy lifting or bending down. Do not lift anything over 10 pounds for the first four weeks. You can then increase to 25 pounds once you are four to six weeks out from your surgery. If it hurts, don’t do it.
  • Do not wear an underwire bra until your doctor tells you it is okay (usually about three months).
  • No tanning on incision line for at least six to twelve months.

Risks and Complications of Breast Implants

Every surgical procedure has risks and nearly 50 percent of those having breast augmentation experience some kind of complication. The decision to have this surgery is personal. You should weigh the potential benefits in achieving your goals with the potential complications and risks of breast augmentation and address all your questions directly with your plastic surgeon prior to your surgery.



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Some of risks and complications associated with breast implants are:

  • Breast pains
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Changes in nipple and breast sensation (often temporary)
  • capsular contracture
  • Rupturing or leaking of the implant

Important Considerations

  • After breast augmentation, regular examinations of your breasts’ health and evaluating the condition of your breast implants are required.
  • Breast implants are not guaranteed to last a lifetime and you may need to undergo another surgery in the future to replace one or both implants.
  • Weight loss, pregnancy, and menopause may influence the appearance of your augmented breasts.
  • Breast implants won’t prevent your breasts from sagging.
  • Breast implants might hamper breast-feeding in some cases.


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best rhinoplasty in Iran

Best Rhinoplasty in Iran

Best rhinoplasty in Iran: most people considering rhinoplasty in Iran , are seeking the best rhinoplasty in Iran to achieve the ideal and desired results. Now, someone may ask, who is the best rhinoplasty surgeon in Iran? or what are the characteristics of the best rhinoplasty in Iran?


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Choosing a Surgeon Who Performs the Best Rhinoplasty in Iran

  • You can ask your friends or people you know about it and search in google to choose a surgeon who performs the best rhinoplasty in Iran or one of its large cities.
  • You should search about them after making a list of rhinoplasty surgeons who always perform the best rhinoplasty in Iran.
  • Then, you can refer to a good rhinoplasty surgeon in Tehran or other cities for consultation and tell him/her your expectations so that he/she may guide you.
  • You should talk with that surgeon’s patients, who have undergone rhinoplasty, to check their degree of satisfaction.


What are the Characteristics of a Rhinoplasty Surgeon Who Performs the Best Rhinoplasty in Iran?

  • A good rhinoplasty surgeon should have enough time for consultation and examine the patient patiently.
  • He/she should explain all points about rhinoplasty and pre and post-operative instructions to the patient.
  • He/she should not merely consider his/her profits and give priority to the patient’s health.
  • A rhinoplasty surgeon should try to convince patients who have unrealistic expectations and If they are not convinced, he/she should refuse to perform surgery on them.
  • A rhinoplasty surgeon should know everything about the aesthetics and be able to imagine the nose before surgery so that he/she can suggest the best shape of the nose based on the nose type and anatomy of the face.

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Types of the Best Rhinoplasty in Iran

The best rhinoplasty surgeon in Iran performs each surgery with a certain technique that suits each person. These techniques for rhinoplasty varies depending on the desired nose shape, nasal anatomy, and type of surgery.


Natural Looking Nose Surgery

Natural looking nose is the one with a normal form and no hump or up-turned nasal tip. In this type of rhinoplasty, which is mostly common among men and aims at a nose that looks natural, the best rhinoplasty surgeon should analyze the individual’s nose condition and explain all points to hem/her frankly.


Bony Nose Surgery

A bony nose usually has a thin skin and firm anatomy. It may have some problems, like nasal polyps, deviated nasal septum, or humps. In this type of rhinoplasty, the specialist surgeon should have enough knowledge about the anatomy and function of the nose and after examination of a bony nose, diagnoses these problems and performs the best rhinoplasty in Iran based on the condition of the nose using open or closed rhinoplasty procedure.


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Fleshy Nose Surgery

Fleshy noses are those with thick skin and thin and weak cartilage. In this type of rhinoplasty, the best rhinoplasty surgeon chooses an appropriate technique for rhinoplasty based on the condition and anatomy of the nose. In some cases, there would be a need to place cartilage implants into the nose in order to make nasal cartilages firmer.


How Long does it Take to Recover from Rhinoplasty?

Prepare yourself to take one week off work or school depending on what you do, for full recovery. During the first week with each passing day, you will feel better and might be significantly improved until the first week of your visit.

Your nose will be swollen after rhinoplasty which is normal part of the healing and one of the most common side effects of rhinoplasty that will take several months to resolve, although after a few months, most people will no longer care about this swelling in their nose. People can return to some of their daily routine within a week and resume all their activities after 2-4 weeks.


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Results of the Best Rhinoplasty in Iran

Any small change in the nose structure, even if in millimeters, can affect the facial appearance. If you refer to an experienced and skillful surgeon, you can hope you will achieve the satisfactory and desired result. It is very important that you be happy with surgery results and your surgeon feel satisfied with the outcome of his/her work as well.

Sometimes, small changes may not be sufficient and you come to the conclusion that another surgery is needed for more improvements. In these cases, you usually need to wait at least one year for the second rhinoplasty because your nose might change over time.


Is Rhinoplasty Dangerous?

No surgery is without risks so it cannot be said that there are no risks. Fortunately, the risks for rhinoplasty are small and complications are rare. But you should ask your doctor about the risks, side effects, and benefits of the rhinoplasty in detail before your surgery to be aware of them.

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Pre and Post-Operative Instructions

For patients undergoing rhinoplasty in Iran, following the below instructions, both prior to and following your surgery is recommended.

Before Surgery

  • Stop smoking for at least two to four weeks before surgery. Smoking can have an untoward effect on the healing process.
  • Two weeks before your procedure, stop using blood-thinning medications, vitamin E, aspirin, ibuprofen, and herbal supplements.
  • Fill any prescriptions that are prescribed by your surgeon before your surgery.
  • Make sure you have plenty of lip balm and cool beverages on hand because your mouth will get very dry from breathing through it.
  • Arrange for someone to provide care for you for at least two days following the surgery.
  • Clarify all your preoperative expectations with your surgeon to ensure you are on the same page.
  • Do anything strenuous that needs to be done before surgery. You’ll want to avoid heavy lifting for at least three weeks post-op.
  • Have someone available who can drive you to and from the clinic or hospital on the day of the procedure.
  • Do not eat or drink after midnight on the day your procedure is scheduled.
  • Do not wear make-up, jewelry, contact lenses and remove any piercings on the day of the procedure.
  • On the day of the rhinoplasty, wear comfortable clothing, preferably something that fastens in the front.

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After Surgery

  • Your head should be elevated when lying down for the first two weeks after surgery to decrease post-operative swelling.
  • A cold pack over the eyes will decrease swelling around the periorbital area.
  • You may shower the second day following surgery, but don’t get your tape and splint wet, as it may loosen or come off completely. If significant loosening occurs, call your surgeon.
  • Pain medication should be taken as scheduled, before pain even starts for the first 48-72 hours. Then, limit your pain medication schedule and take as needed.
  • Drink clear liquids on the day after surgery and soft food for one week post op.
  • A low salt diet will decrease fluid retention and therefore minimize swelling.
  • Stitches, if present, will be removed the seventh day after surgery.
  • Avoid bumping the nose (pets, bed mates, small children: watch out!), avoid workouts and straining for two weeks.
  • Use a baby toothbrush on the upper teeth for two weeks following surgery.
  • Sneeze with the mouth open for two weeks.
  • Avoid yawning or wide mouth opening for two weeks.
  • Do not blow your nose for at least one month after surgery.
  • Don’t wear glasses the usual way for four weeks following rhinoplasty.
  • Be sure to report immediately any signs of bleeding that persist for more than ten minutes, infection, redness, fever of greater than 101.5, unusual drainage, or pain.


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